Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division. 3.OA.5 Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

3.OA.6 Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 ÷ 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8. Tasks 3.OA.6 Task 1: Sharing Pencils 3.OA.6 Task 2: Fair Tickets

## Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division.3.OA.5Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)## Tasks

3.OA.5 Task 1: Patterns on the Multiplication Chart3.OA.5 Task 2: Prove It!

3.OA.6Understand division as an unknown-factor problem.For example, find 32 ÷ 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.Tasks3.OA.6 Task 1: Sharing Pencils

3.OA.6 Task 2: Fair Tickets